F-1 Numbers at a Glance

AgencyData collectedNumberDate RangeNotes
U.S. Department of LaborNothing - - -
U.S. State DepartmentNumber of F-1 visas actually issued to foreign students at U.S. Consulates abroad447,410 F-1 visas grantedFY 2011This number does not count Canadian F-1 students because they are not required to apply for F-1 visas through the State Department; but they do get I-94s and are counted in the admissions number below.
This number represents visas issued; receiving a visa does not guarantee admission to the U.S. Statistics on individuals who are turned away at the border and are not disaggregated by visa classification.
U.S. Department of Homeland Security - U.S. Citizenship and Immigration ServicesNothing - - USCIS receives the I-765 requests for employment authorization that are required for F-1 students to work in OPT programs.
U.S. Department of Homeland Security - U.S. Customs and Border PatrolNumber of F-1 admissions and readmissions at the border with a I-94 entry document1,702,730 admissions counted for individuals with F-1 visasFY 2011Individuals may be counted more than once in the admissions numbers because many students depart and re-enter the U.S. in the same year. First-time and repeat entries are not distinguished. All admissions are counted regardless if the F-1 student was admitted on a new I-94 or a valid I-94 that was previously used.
U.S. Department of Homeland Security - U.S. Immigration and Customs EnforcementNumber of individuals in active F-1 status as reported on SEVIS820,423 active F-1 and M-1 studentsJan - March 2011This number includes both F-1 academic students and M-1 vocational students. The SEVIS quarterly reports group these numbers together.
SEVIS data is updated continually; ICE pulls the numbers once per quarter.
Sources:
 
U.S. State Department, FY 1997-2012 NIV Detail Table, available at http://travel.state.gov/visa/statistics/nivstats/nivstats_4582.html (May 2013). Because the U.S. Department of Homeland Security has not yet published its admissions data for FY 2012, this chart is using data from FY 2011 to aid in comparing the data.
 
Randall Monger, U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Office of Immigration Statistics, Nonimmigrant Admissions to the United States: 2011 (July 2012), available at http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/statistics/publications/ni_fr_2011.pdf (last visited May 2013).
 
U.S. Department of Homeland Security, ICE, Student & Exchange Visitor Program, SEVIS by the Numbers General Summary Quarterly Review, quarter ending March 31, 2011, available at http://www.ice.gov/doclib/foia/sevis/sevis-by-the-numbers-quarterly-mar2011.pdf (last visited June 2013).