Job Portability

Who initiates the visa processEmployment contract requiredWho pays fees associated with visaWho pays for travel to the U.S.Is worker's visa specific to a particular employerHow may worker change to different employer
H-2AEmployerYesEmployerEmployerYesNew employer files with USDOL and USCIS
H-2BEmployerNoEmployerWorkerYesNew employer files with USDOL and USCIS
H-1BEmployerNoEmployerWorkerYesNew employer files with USDOL and USCIS
L-1EmployerNoWorkerWorkerYesNew employer files with USCIS
A-3EmployerYesNo feesEmployerYesNew employer files with USCIS
G-5EmployerYesNo feesEmployerYesNew employer files with USCIS
J-1Worker, through SponsorNoWorkerWorkerNoWorker contacts Sponsor. Sponsor notifies on SEVIS
F-1Worker, through SponsorNoWorkerWorkerNoWorker contacts Sponsor. Sponsor notifies on SEVIS
B-1 domesticEmployerYesWorkerEmployers, generallyNoUnclear
B-1 in lieu of HEmployerNoWorkerWorkerNoUnclear

Sources for information in this chart are found in each individual Visa Page.