F-1 program regulations do not contain any significant worker protection rules. There is no specific wage to be paid, no work guarantee and no special remedies for students who lose their jobs through no fault of their own.  The lack of regulatory rights for F-1 students may be due in part to the fact that work should be secondary to academics.  Like any workers, though, F-1 students are protected by other federal or state employment statutes or common law rights that may apply, including but not limited to the Fair Labor Standards Act, the Age Discrimination Employment Act, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, the Trafficking Victims Protection Act, the Racketeer Influenced Corrupt Organizations Act, and state wage and hour and discrimination laws.  Whether specific statutes or common law rights apply to any given worker will depend on the facts of each particular situation.

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